Research is done by crafting skill books, which may require large amounts of resources. Once a skill book is crafted, it can be used to create skill scrolls, which can then be distributed to anyone on the server.
All research is done at the Research Table.
A research recipe will result in a skill book, and right-clicking the book will spawn a skill scroll. There is no limit to the amount of skill scrolls that can be gained from a single book.
Right-clicking on the scroll will grant the player the corresponding specialization. It will also add 5 Property Claim Flags to the player's inventory.
The stack limit for skill scrolls is 100.
Recipes at Research Table